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  4. 4.1 Motivation: concept and strategies

4.1 Motivation: concept and strategies

Motivation is a condition that activates and sustains behaviour toward a goal. It is critical to learning and achievement across the life span in informal & non-formal settings and formal learning environments. Learners who are motivated tend to be engaged, persist longer, have better learning outcomes, and perform better than others.

Key findings from many research and studies about motivation emphasize that:

  • People in general are motivated to develop competence and solve problems by rewards and punishments but often have intrinsic reasons for learning that may be more powerful.
  • Learners are highly motivated and tend to perform well in learning when they face affordable challenges (neither too easy nor too difficult and frustrating).  Understanding the usefulness and interest of training is a motivating factor.
  • Adults who focus mainly on their own performance (e.g. gaining recognition or avoiding negative judgments) are less likely to seek challenges and persist than those who focus on learning itself.
  • Adults who focus primarily on their own performance (eg, getting recognition or avoiding negative judgments) are less likely to seek challenges and persist than those who focus on learning itself.
  • Teachers and trainers can be effective in encouraging learners to focus on learning instead of performance, helping them to develop a learning orientation.

If learners are not motivated, even with the perfect lesson plan in place they will not learn! That’s why trainers have all to when using some motivation strategies when giving their lessons…The way the course is given is important as well as the contents and the form.

Below some recommended strategies to reinforce learners’ motivation:

  1. Promote growth mind-set over fixed mind-set: in a fixed mind-set, people believe their qualities are fixed traits and therefore cannot change, in a growth mind-set, people have an underlying belief that their learning and intelligence can grow with time and experience (see the 25 ways to develop a growth mind-set at https://www.teachthought.com/learning/25-simple-ways-develop-growth-mindset/) .
  2. Develop meaningful and respectful relationships with the learners.
  3. Grow a community of learners in the classroom.
  4. Establish high expectations and establish clear goals.
  5. Be inspirational.

Students’ Engagement & Motivation Strategies & Tips (Youtube video)

Motivating adult learners (Youtube video)

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